Translated by Google (2023)

The CT ELDS cover 8 domains of growth and development:

  1. Cognition
  2. Social and emotional development
  3. Physical development and health
  4. Language and literacy
  5. Creative arts
  6. Mathematics
  7. Science
  8. Social studies


Cognition is the process of learning and understanding new things. Children’s thinking and learning skills build throughout childhood and include:

  • Memory
  • Reasoning
  • Problem-solving
  • Symbolic representation

Young children need active exploration to develop strong cognitive skills. Play, physical activity, and inquiry can make learning come alive, helping children absorb new information and gain new skills.

Some active learning experiences include:

  • Exploring objects through touch and play
  • Acting out new roles
  • Building structures to learn about geometric shapes or the properties of the building materials
  • Spending time outdoors to learn about specific science concepts
  • Actively solving problems

Related resources:

Social and emotional development

Learning to identify, express, and manage emotions helps children to develop healthy relationships. Early learning experiences should support children to:

  • Develop trusting, healthy attachments and relationships with primary caregivers and peers
  • Build their self-regulation, improving skills like focus and patience
  • Learn methods to express, recognize, and respond to emotions
  • Develop self-awareness
  • Foster healthy social relationships

Children who are surrounded by calm, consistent, and caring adults feel more secure. And a child who feels safe is able to focus on learning because they trust that their needs will be met.

Adults can actively encourage social and emotional development of young children by:

  • Responding to an infant’s coos or cries,
  • Cuddling, singing, feeding, or helping a child go to sleep
  • Showing interest in what children have to say or share with them
  • Responding with patience and kindness
  • Encouraging children to ask for help when they need it
  • Setting clear expectations that match a child’s abilities
  • Comforting a crying child with calm, positive tones and patience
  • Making eye contact and talking to children throughout the day

Related resources:

Physical development and health

Keeping young children active and healthy builds a strong foundation for learning and helps build healthy habits for life. There are many opportunities for adults to support physical health and development throughout the day. Areas of development include:

  • Self-care, like brushing teeth and washing hands
  • Using small and large muscles
  • Eating healthy foods
  • Active play and exercise
  • Healthy sleep habits

Adults can help build healthy behaviors by having healthy behaviors themselves and by talking with children about taking care of their body. Active learning experiences include:

  • Dancing and moving to music
  • Allowing young children to feed themselves, with fingers or with a utensil
  • Playing follow-the-leader or other active games with a preschooler
  • Following the recommendations of the American Academy of Pediatrics for screen time
  • Finding safe and interesting places to walk and talk
  • Trying new and healthy foods with children
  • Building healthy routines such as brushing teeth every morning and night and washing hands before eating

Related resources:

  • Physical Health and Development Section of the CT ELDS
  • Read the chapter on Physical Development and Health in Supporting All Children Using the CT ELDS: A Guide to the Domains and Strands
  • Watch a video series on Supporting Physical and Outdoor Play

Language and literacy

Infants communicate with facial expressions, cooing, and crying. As children grow, they begin to understand and use language to communicate. Eventually, they begin to understand that pictures and words convey meaning. Key areas of development include:

  • Understanding language
  • Using language to communicate
  • Appreciating books
  • Drawing and beginning to write

Children learn to communicate and begin to develop early literacy skills when adults talk and read with them often. Adults can actively encourage this type of learning by:

  • Responding right away when an infant communicates by crying
  • Responding to babbling by using real words
  • Talking about what they’re doing and using new words
  • Reading out signs to a toddler or preschooler to show them that pictures and words having meaning
  • Making a shopping list or using a recipe to cook to make writing come alive
  • Singing songs and reading books to children of all ages
  • Sharing books about things children are interested in

Related resources:

Creative arts

Giving children a chance to create is a great way for them to express themselves, explore, and learn to problem-solve.

Creative Arts include both creating and responding to art such as music, visual arts (painting, sculpture), drama, and dance.

The creative arts also support other areas of development including:

  • Social and emotional development – Children can relax, focus, feel successful, and express their feelings.
  • Language and literacy – The creative arts offer an active way of communicating. Children can also discuss their art and add words to it (on their own or by talking to an adult).
  • Cognitive – Children compare, predict, plan, and problem-solve when creating and responding to art.
  • Physical – Children use small motor skills to paint, write, glue, use clay, and make collages. They use large motor skills to create large sculptures or dance.

Children benefit from exposure and practice in all types of art, including music, visual art (drawing, painting, sculpting), roleplay and open-ended play, dance, poetry, and more. Adults can actively encourage this type of learning by:

  • Listening to music, singing songs, and repeating rhymes
  • Providing open-ended activities — like toy kitchens or blocks — to encourage pretend play
  • Looking at and talking about art with children — use descriptive words, talk about how the art makes you feel and what it makes you think of
  • Working with clay or play dough to help children strengthen their hands and express themselves through sculpture at the same time
  • Dancing to different types of music and moving your body fast or slow to draw attention to rhythm and tone
  • Reading wordless books with children and talking through the story together

Related resources:


Children begin using early math skills at a young age. These skills can be supported throughout their daily routines and activities. The earliest signs that a child is beginning to understand numbers or quantity may be when they begin requesting “more” of something or share one item with a caregiver.

Here are some examples of math words to use with young children:

  • Number words —number words and word to compare such as more or fewer
  • Names of shapes —like square, circle, and cube
  • Position words — like next to, on, and under
  • Size words — like big, small, short, and tall

There are many opportunities for children to hear and practice new math words and begin to understand math concepts. The more adults talk about math, the more children learn about numbers, shapes, and sizes. Adults can actively encourage this type of learning by:

  • Talking about numbers: “I see you have 4 crackers for snack today” or “2 friends can use the blocks together.”
  • Playing games that involve finding different sized items: “Find me the long pencil” or “Which rug is smaller?”
  • Trying games that involve different shapes and positions like “under” and “over”
  • Giving children words to describe shape, and as children get older, introducing words for 3-dimensional shapes, such as cube or sphere
  • Counting out servings of snacks or measuring ingredients for a recipe

Related resources:


Children are born scientists. They begin to understand the world, other people, and themselves through active exploration and experimenting. To help children experience the wonder and joy of discovery, adults can show excitement and ask questions along with them. Effective teaching strategies include:

  • Encouraging hands-on exploration
  • Showing children how to observe and listen
  • Asking questions
  • Introducing words to describe or compare things
  • Talking about the process of exploring or experimenting
  • Talking about living things, motion, and the physical properties of items
  • Encouraging children to work together

When children are very young, their introduction to science is understanding what their body can do. As they get older, their interests expand to include the world around them. Adults can actively encourage this type of learning by:

  • Playing with clay, play dough, sand, and other materials so young children can experience different temperatures and texture. Use words to describe textures (rough, smooth, hard, soft, slippery, etc.)
  • When a child asks a question, try asking them, “Why do you think that might be?” Encouraging curiosity and trying to come up with a hypothesis is an exercise for creative thinking. If you don’t know the answer, say so: “I don’t know. Let’s find out.”
  • Model observing and wondering with children of all ages: “There’s a robin outside the window. I wonder if it’s looking for worms. What do you think the robin is doing when it hops on the ground?”

Related resources:

  • Science Section of the CT ELDS
  • Read the chapter on Science in Supporting All Children Using the CT ELDS: A Guide to the Domains and Strands
  • Watch a video on Investigating Nature

Social studies

The focus of social studies is learning a sense of self and the surrounding world. Through social studies, children begin to understand their community and their place within it. Like science, social studies is taught by adults who encourage children to:

  • Notice, wonder, explore
  • Ask questions and make a plan to answer them
  • Collect information
  • Look for patterns and relationships

Adults can support children’s learning about themeselves and their community through books, stories, dramatic play, maps, and anything else that inspires questions and discussion. Adults can actively encourage this type of learning by:

  • Creating self-portraits or an “All About Me” poster
  • Reading books that reflect a variety of family structures, cultures, languages, and abilities
  • Treating the classroom as a community and creating a job chart so children take turns caring for the environment
  • Discussing how communities work together
  • Creating maps of the classroom, the neighborhood, etc.
  • Inviting children’s family members into the classroom to share about their jobs, language, or culture
  • Visiting important community locations, like the library, grocery store, or a museum

Related resources:

Last updated March 22, 2021


Why is Google translating my search results? ›

Google Search strives to make information accessible and useful to all users. To help address content gaps when a user searches in their local language, sometimes Google may translate the title link and snippet of a search result for results that aren't in the language of the search query.

How accurate is Google translation? ›

A 2021 study conducted by the UCLA Medical Center found that Google Translate preserved the overall meaning for 82.5% of the translations. But the accuracy between languages spanned 55% to 94%. Sometimes, Google Translate's precision is shockingly good.

Why does Google Translate not translated correctly? ›

Google Translate often produces translations that contain significant grammatical errors. This is due to the fact that Google's translation system uses a method based on language pair frequency that does not take into account grammatical rules.

How do I make Google Translate more accurate? ›

Google Translate works best for long-form text with simple sentence structure. Using standardized, non-colloquial text will give you your best chance of receiving a pretty accurate machine translation. The more context given in the standardized sentences, the more accurate the translation will be.

How do I stop Google from translating my search results? ›

Turn translation on or off
  1. On your computer, open Chrome.
  2. At the top right, click More Settings.
  3. On the left, click Languages.
  4. Under “Google Translate,” turn Use Google Translate on or off.

Why does Google Chrome keep translating everything? ›

At the top right, click More Settings. At the bottom, click Advanced. Under "Languages," click Language. Check or uncheck "Offer to translate pages that aren't in a language you read."

Can we trust Google for translation? ›

Because it supports so many different languages, there's no single accuracy rate. Instead, the accuracy of Google Translate will depend on the specific language pairs that you've chosen.

Can I trust Google Translate? ›

In conclusion Google Translate is not a reliable tool to use for all your translating needs but it can be trusted for daily translations of words and small phrases.

What is the world's most accurate online translator? ›

DeepL Translate: The world's most accurate translator.

Is there a better translator than Google? ›

DeepL is one of the best Google Translate alternatives for people who really value accuracy, especially when it comes to grasping context and local idioms. DeepL offers an API that you can use to automatically translate your website, as well as a web interface and apps to translate text content or text files (like .

Why does Google Translate not work well? ›

If your Google auto-translate is not working, it may be due to the following reasons: Faulty language settings. Inappropriate settings configuration. Third-party extensions.

What is the most accurate language on Google Translate? ›

How accurate is Google Translate?
Spanish94% accurate
Korean82.5% accurate
Mandarin Chinese81.7% accurate
Farsi67.5% accurate
Armenian55% accurate
Oct 6, 2022

Does Google Translate always work? ›

Yes, the translated text is often accurate. But the sentences and meaning might not always be right.

Why does Google give me results in a different language? ›

Google uses "geolocation" to determine where in the world you are, so it can give you a personalized experience. This includes using the language it thinks you prefer, and it also includes giving you different results on your queries.

How do I fix Google translating? ›

How to Fix Google Translate Not Working on Android?
  1. Clear data and cache in the Google Translate app.
  2. Reinstall Google Translate.
May 8, 2021

How do I force Google to only return English results? ›

You can choose the language you use for Google products and search results. On your computer, go to the Search settings page. On the left, click Languages. Choose your language settings.

How do I fix Google auto translate? ›

Turn translation on or off
  1. On your Android phone or tablet, open the Chrome app .
  2. To the right of the address bar, tap More Settings.
  3. Tap Languages.
  4. Under "Translation settings," turn on or off Offer to send pages in other languages to Google translate.

How do I stop Chrome from suggesting translate? ›

Click on Settings. Type in Translate in the Search Field. Expand the Language option by clicking on the arrow. Turn off "Offer to translate pages that aren't in a language you read"

How to prevent Google Translate from translating some words HTML? ›

To avoid translating specific words, you can use html tag <span translate="no"> to wrap the words that you don't want to translate.

What are the drawbacks of Google Translate? ›

What are the other disadvantages of Google Translate? Yes, there are a few: The translation will never be perfect: although an online translation tool may be able to deliver a relatively accurate translation, it cannot compare with the quality and accuracy of a translation made by an experienced human translator.

What are the pros and cons of using Google Translate? ›

  • Google Translate is fast. ...
  • Google Translate is free. ...
  • Google Translate is convenient. ...
  • It's not ideal for confidential documents. ...
  • Google Translate cannot provide a perfectly accurate translation. ...
  • There is no proofreading. ...
  • It requires Internet connection to use Google Translate.
Nov 22, 2017

Does Google Translate use your data? ›

Does Google look at or use the text I send for translation? Google does not use any of your content for any purpose except to provide you with the service.

Do professional translators use Google Translate? ›

One of the common misconceptions about translation service providers is they use Google Translate to do their work. But do they really do that? The answer is NO. They may use it as a research tool to check for words or phrases that they are unsure about.

Why do companies block Google Translate? ›

The easy access to free translation tools may provoke you to ask why you should not use Google Translate for your business. The answer is simple—it may significantly compromise your brand identity and destroy customer trust. Customized MT provided by a translation agency is the reasonable alternative.

Does Google Translate read to you? ›

If your device has a microphone, you can translate spoken words and phrases. In some languages, you can hear the translation spoken aloud. Important: If you use an audible screen reader, we recommend you use headphones, as the screen reader voice may interfere with the transcribed speech.

Who is the best human translator? ›

St Jerome. One of the world's most famous translators – and certainly one of those whose work had the most influence in shaping the world – was St Jerome (347-420 AD).

What is the number 1 most translated website? ›

Believe it or not, the official website for Jehovah's Witnesses is actually the most translated website in the world.

What is the most accurate free translator? ›

Google Translate is one of the best free online translation software. It can translate between more than 100 languages. Google Translate can translate entire websites into other languages. You can also use it to convert text documents into different languages.

Why is DeepL better than Google? ›

It depends on what you need. For the languages that it supports, DeepL is regarded to be a bit more accurate than Google Translate. However, DeepL Translate has a limited language selection as compared to Google Translate and also costs more money.

Why is Google Translate better now? ›

It doesn't translate individual words anymore. Instead, it uses an AI-powered neural machine translation algorithm that fetches the meaning from a broader context. And instead of mirroring the source text's word sequence, it tries to mimic the target language's grammar and syntax rules.

Is Google Translate completely free? ›

Google Translate is a free translation tool.

What language can Google Translate not understand? ›

Mayan Languages

K'iche', the most widely spoken Mayan language, has an estimated 2.3 million native speakers, mostly in Guatemala. Currently, no Mayan languages are available in Google Translate. Why not offer K'iche'? After all, Google Translate is available in Frisian, with only 480,000 native speakers.

What language is hardest for Google Translate? ›

Italian and German are the hardest languages for Google to translate.

Which country uses Google Translate the most? ›

Brazil uses Google Translate more than any other country.

Ninety-two percent of our translations come from outside of the United States, with Brazil topping the list.

Which app has accurate translation? ›

Google Translate

There are a range of features within the app, including the option to speak into your device and enable voice translation, while there is also a camera option, which lets users take a picture of some text to translate it.

Can my teacher tell if I use Google Translate? ›

Can Teachers Tell When You Have Used Google Translate? Indeed, instructors will detect if you utilized google translate since it is not grammar-oriented, and the translated material may vary from your writing style.

What is the best alternative for Google Translate? ›

If you want to find a free alternative to Google Translate, you can try Microsoft Translator, DeepL or another “free doc translator” online. For enterprise-level software, choose a premium Google Translate alternative such as Pairaphrase.

Why is Google automatically translating? ›

By default, Google auto translation is enabled in both Google Chrome and when using Google Toolbar. The auto translation feature lets Google automatically translate the text on Web pages where the text is from a language you don't speak into a language that you do.

Why is my Google Search suddenly in a different language? ›

To check your Google Account language, open your Google Account. You'll find the language you selected. The language change didn't work: If your Google Account doesn't match the language you selected, clear your browser's cache and cookies and set the language again.

How do I stop my browser from translating? ›

Disabling Google Chrome Automatic Translation Feature
  1. Click on the three dots on the top right of the window.
  2. Click on Settings.
  3. Type in Translate in the Search Field.
  4. Expand the Language option by clicking on the arrow.
  5. Turn off "Offer to translate pages that aren't in a language you read"

Where does Google Translate get its information? ›

Google Translate is based on both neural machine translation (NMT) and human contribution via its Translate Community. Fully understanding NMT requires a bit of background knowledge about neural networks and deep learning.

How do I get only English results on Google? ›

Google app
  1. On your Android phone or tablet, open the Google app .
  2. At the top right, tap your Profile picture or initial Settings Language & region Search language.
  3. Tap the language you want to get search results in.

How do I change my Google Search results to English? ›

You can choose the language you use for Google products and search results. On your computer, go to the Search settings page. On the left, click Languages. Choose your language settings.

Why does Google think I'm in Germany? ›

That's because Google will try to detect your location based on the IP address. Sometimes location databases have incorrect information and end up determining that you are in a different country.

How to uninstall Google Translate? ›

Most of the computer programs have uninstall.exe or uninst000.exe in their installation folders.
  1. Go to the installation folder of Client for Google Translate. Most of the times it is located in C:\Programs files or C:\Program files(x86)
  2. Double click the file to start the uninstallation process.

How do I stop literally translating? ›

Here's how to stop translating in your head and start thinking in your new language.
  1. Identify nouns and verbs in your new language. ...
  2. Don't overwhelm yourself with grammar. ...
  3. Find reading opportunities. ...
  4. Listen and converse as much as possible. ...
  5. Give yourself the time and tools you need to succeed.
Aug 31, 2022

How do I exclude Google Translate? ›

To avoid translating specific words, you can use html tag <span translate="no"> to wrap the words that you don't want to translate. A caveat is that in some situations it may affect translation quality (especially when the wrapped words are special tokens).

Why am I getting Google results in Chinese? ›

If you are getting Chinese search engine results, it is likely because your website is using a different language than English. What you can do is to go to this URL: Google Search Console the bottom of the page, click on "Google Translate for Websites," and translate into English what appears in the box below it.


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